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John W. Dower. 1999. Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II.
  W.W. Norton and Company/ The New Press.

Points of discussion:

    This book tells us that history is quite important source of
theory (at least hypothesis) making in political science.


Political Participation in Japan: urban-rural gap in voter turnout

    Concretely, the book gave me inspiration about political participation in Japan.
That is, at the time of just end of WWII, agrarian in Japan was relatively richer
than the urbanites, because the former had a food, the  latter did not.
    Previous literatures about political participation in Japan have focused on
urban-rural gap at the level of participation, and more electoral turnout in
rural area in spite of relative poorness in having socio-economic resources
has been expressed as "an exceptional phenomena" in comparative
politics, although, we have France as a similar case.  In Kabashima (1988),
the cause of such phenomena is explained with "agrarian culture" (nouson bunka),
which mobilize members of community to common activities and participation.
In this work of his, "agrarian culture" was no more than residual.  
Kabashima (1988) did not analyze "agrarian culture" itself.
    But, reading Dower (1999) and remembering economic situations at the time
of just end of the war, we notice that agrarians had foods and sold them to
black market or other buyer at the price on the market, and they were rich
relatively.  The relative richness may contribute to more active
participation at rural area than urban.  
It needs empirical verifications,
of course.


Administrative Direction by Japanese Bureaucracy: Are Japanese bureaucrats
students of GHQ? or is Japanese economic miracle from GHQ?


    The chapter 17 of the book, named "Engineering Growth", focuses on
economic policy of GHQ.  


Drafting Constitution and Revolution in August

   Theory of Revolution in August as national legend (self-deception)?

National Security: Are Japanese Politicians Also the Students of GHQ?
   
    Ch.17 also shows us that the GHQ changed demilitarization policy to
remilitarization and stepped on Japanese constitution which they drafted
and imposed.  GHQ may have had taught Japanese politicians the way to
ignore the Constitution.  This may have accelarated Japanese tendency
among conservative politicians to neglect rules or principles.

Sensorship: fake of postwar democracy

    See ch.14.

Anyway, GHQ was a teacher.  It taught us democracy and the values
including deception of democracy, civil liberty, Constitution, and power
politics.
    Are we good students?


Defending Emperor Hirohito


    Why did indicted people try to defend Hirohito in spite of own death?
    What did they try to defend through defending Hirohito?
    What is "kokutai"?

Is It Impossible that State stands without self-deception in the name of legend?

  Japan: emperor system
  U.S.:  pilgrim fathers (murderer of aborigines), coins of founding fathers behind
           repressor of aborigines




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